We are indebted to an interested visitor to our website who commented on the bondwire fusing equation provided ( as well as the calculator) about the enormous levels of fusing currents predicted by that tool.The reader also referred to a paper by IDT referring to bondwire fusing currents. In that paper the bondwire fusing current presented for gold wire and based on the classical Preece equation was as follows: A 2 mil diameter gold wire was shown to have a fusing current of 0.92 Amps. These specifications for the gold wire were input into the SPG fusing current calculator and it was found that there was close agreement with the Preece equation. However, there was one interesting difference. In the SPG calculator ( based on the May equation) a time factor was required. The time required in the SPG calculator was 100 milliseconds for the wire to melt. There appears to be no time factor in the Preece equation that is based on a rms or dc current. To explain this seeming discrepancy we have to argue that if the amount of heat required to melt the wire is calculated using standard Thermodynamics then we find the heat in Joules that does the damage. Now 1 Joule is 1 Watt . second. Thus time gets involved immediately. We could have a huge wattage in the wire but if the time is very small then the melting energy would be very small. Therefore time should be considered in the equation somewhere. Debatable point?

Contact SPG using phone: 602-626-0272 for fast service.

Price for one unit: $25.00. Lead time for delivery 3 days. 30 Day return policy. Pricing for 100 units or more: $20.00 per unit. Please contact Signal Processing Group Inc. for details for purchase from Signal Processing Group Inc. Email: spg@signalpro.biz 24/7

Please contact Signal Processing Group Inc. on email: spg@signalpro.biz . We will answer within 24 hours.

Please see details at http://www.signalpro.biz/2rf_amplifier_details.htm Delivery lead time is 3 days. Return within 30 days for a full refund. Price is $15.00 for one unit and $10.00 per unit in volumes of 100. For higher volumes than 100 please contact Signal Processing group Inc.

Delivery lead time is 3 days. Return within 30 days for a full refund. Price is $15.00 for one unit and $12.00 per unit in volumes of 100. For higher volumes than 100 please contact Signal Processing Group Inc. at email: spg@signalpro.biz or call 602-626-0272 for fastest service.

**The input interface.**

The frequency divider has a differential analog interface. The following parameters apply:

The minimum frequency that can be input is 500 Mhz and the maximum frequency is 6.0 Ghz.

The RF input level is 5 dBm to – 5 dBm. For lower frequencies make sure that the slew rate is

greater than 560 V/us. The input is biased by two 500 Ohm resistors connected to a 1.6V DC bias.

Therefore AC coupling is used at the input. These are two 100pF capacitors.

**The output interface.**

The output is single ended. The output driver is capable of sourcing and sinking 24 mA. The

equivalent output impedance is 50 Ohm. To avoid reflections it is recommended that the divider

work into a 50 Ohm load.

**General operation.**

The inputs are applied to the input SMA I/O. The product will work with both a differential input as

well as a single ended input. However, a differential input works best. The division ratio is applied

to the N1 and N2 control inputs as follows:

N2 N1 Division ratio

0 0 8

0 1 16

1 0 32

1 1 64

The logic levels are:

Logic level Voltage

1 1.4V minimum

0 0.6V maximum

The supply voltage interface.

The operating supply voltage is 3.3V typical. The quiescent (DC) operating supply current is 2 mA.

Please contact Signal Processing Group Inc. at email: spg@signalpro.biz or telephone 602-626-0272. Get a response within minutes or worst case 24 hours if contact is by email.

**RF Switch typical features**

Supply voltage = Vcc = 0/+5 Vdc

Operatng temperature = TA = -50° C to 125 Deg C

Operating impedance = 50 Ohm

Input power for 1 dB

compression ( 5.0V system) = 37 dBm ( f = 0.5 to 3 Ghz)

Input third order Intercept = 64 dBm ( 0 to 5.0V system, f = 0.5 to 3 Ghz)

Operating frequency range = DC to 3 Ghz.

Insertion loss DC to 3 Ghz = 0.8 dB

Isolation DC to 3 Ghz = 14 dB minimum

Return loss DC to 3 Ghz = 20 dB

50% contl to 10/90 %

( ON/OFF) = 120 ns

Summary Specifications

Gain, Operating: 19.5 dB

Operating frequency range: 1.0 – 2700 Mhz

OIP3: (Pout = 19.0 dBm), -8.5 dBm

P1dB: 4.6 dBm

N.F: 4.2 dB

Supply voltage Operating: 3.3 – 5.5 Volts

Price: single unit $7.50, 100 units : $5:50.

Free delivery, shipping lead time 2 days.

30 day return policy, buyer ships.

Supply current Supply = 5.0V, 23.0 mA

Signal Processing Group Inc. is offering embedded design and development using Microchip processors. Please contact us on spg@signalpro.biz for more information