In general, insertion loss is defined as the loss in signal power, when a device is inserted in the transmission path of a signal on a transmission line or circuit.Insertion loss is usually stated in decibels (dB).

So if the transmitted power is PT and the received power at the load, after the insertion of the device is PR , then the insertion loss is defined as

IL ( dB) = 10Log(PT/PR)

Where the Log is to the base of 10.

Insertion loss is also defined for filters as the ratio of the ouput signal level in a test configuration *without* the filter installed, to the signal level *with* the filter installed. So if the output signal level *without* the filter is V1 and the signal level *with* the filter installed is V2 then the insertion loss in dB is:

20Log(|V1|/|V2|) dB

If using scattering parameters use the following expression:

10Log(|s21|^{2 }/1 – |s11|^{2 })

where the symbols have their usual meaning.

Transfomers also have an insertion loss specification. This is a figure of merit for a RF transformer.

The low end ( or low frequency) loss is determned by the primary inductance. The high frequency insertion loss is dependent on the losses in the inter – winding capacitance and the series inductance.

In addition, for transformers with metallic cores, the permeability is directly proportional to the temperature of operation. As the temperature decreases, the permeability *decreases* which causes an *increase* in the insertion loss.

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Please contact Signal Processing Group Inc. on email: spg@signalpro.biz . We will answer within 24 hours.

Please see details at http://www.signalpro.biz/2rf_amplifier_details.htm Delivery lead time is 3 days. Return within 30 days for a full refund. Price is $15.00 for one unit and $10.00 per unit in volumes of 100. For higher volumes than 100 please contact Signal Processing group Inc.

Delivery lead time is 3 days. Return within 30 days for a full refund. Price is $15.00 for one unit and $12.00 per unit in volumes of 100. For higher volumes than 100 please contact Signal Processing Group Inc. at email: spg@signalpro.biz or call 602-626-0272 for fastest service.

**The input interface.**

The frequency divider has a differential analog interface. The following parameters apply:

The minimum frequency that can be input is 500 Mhz and the maximum frequency is 6.0 Ghz.

The RF input level is 5 dBm to – 5 dBm. For lower frequencies make sure that the slew rate is

greater than 560 V/us. The input is biased by two 500 Ohm resistors connected to a 1.6V DC bias.

Therefore AC coupling is used at the input. These are two 100pF capacitors.

**The output interface.**

The output is single ended. The output driver is capable of sourcing and sinking 24 mA. The

equivalent output impedance is 50 Ohm. To avoid reflections it is recommended that the divider

work into a 50 Ohm load.

**General operation.**

The inputs are applied to the input SMA I/O. The product will work with both a differential input as

well as a single ended input. However, a differential input works best. The division ratio is applied

to the N1 and N2 control inputs as follows:

N2 N1 Division ratio

0 0 8

0 1 16

1 0 32

1 1 64

The logic levels are:

Logic level Voltage

1 1.4V minimum

0 0.6V maximum

The supply voltage interface.

The operating supply voltage is 3.3V typical. The quiescent (DC) operating supply current is 2 mA.

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**RF Switch typical features**

Supply voltage = Vcc = 0/+5 Vdc

Operatng temperature = TA = -50° C to 125 Deg C

Operating impedance = 50 Ohm

Input power for 1 dB

compression ( 5.0V system) = 37 dBm ( f = 0.5 to 3 Ghz)

Input third order Intercept = 64 dBm ( 0 to 5.0V system, f = 0.5 to 3 Ghz)

Operating frequency range = DC to 3 Ghz.

Insertion loss DC to 3 Ghz = 0.8 dB

Isolation DC to 3 Ghz = 14 dB minimum

Return loss DC to 3 Ghz = 20 dB

50% contl to 10/90 %

( ON/OFF) = 120 ns

Summary Specifications

Gain, Operating: 19.5 dB

Operating frequency range: 1.0 – 2700 Mhz

OIP3: (Pout = 19.0 dBm), -8.5 dBm

P1dB: 4.6 dBm

N.F: 4.2 dB

Supply voltage Operating: 3.3 – 5.5 Volts

Price: single unit $7.50, 100 units : $5:50.

Free delivery, shipping lead time 2 days.

30 day return policy, buyer ships.

Supply current Supply = 5.0V, 23.0 mA

Signal Processing Group Inc. is offering embedded design and development using Microchip processors. Please contact us on spg@signalpro.biz for more information