RF and wireless design: Substrates and laminates

Yesterday we spent an absolutely intense two hours in discussions of substrates for RF and high frequency design with a couple of experts. Frequencies from about 1 Ghz to 77 Ghz were in play. The amazing part of the discussions was the level of parameters to be considered, not only in the manufacture of the laminates but also the layout of the interconnect, filters, transmission lines, and heat sinking.For high speed digital the control of the impedance/constant line width was more of a factor, unlike in RF where multiple line widths and shapes are in common use. A multitude of transmission lines are used in a bewildering array of combinations. Other parameters such as the glass weave and its impact on impedance was a discussion worth having. Three laminates emerged as winners for the a large number of applications in design. The venerable FR4 was buried under the the new requirements at 77 Ghz and even at 24 Ghz.The impact of DF and DK ( buzz words of course to be treated in some detail in subsequent posts). The use of materials and their trade-offs were fascinating. The size of the material sold has also gone through revisions and large sizes are now common. Gone are the limits of 18 X 24. The other very interesting issue that surfaced was the role of, and difficulty in, testing of not only devices but also the substrates themselves. The relationships between the thickness and the width of lines changes from the simple expressions we all knew. The difficulty of modeling has increased and very few CAD tools appear to have the capability to do what is needed. Only one CAD tool was mentioned several times as a recommended one for design and modeling at the high performance levels. Some very interesting numbers for insertion loss and actual measured values of permittivity and loss tangents were presented and argued over. Very interesting empirical design equations and data was presented as well. In this discussion the effect of the roughness factor was presented and emphasized. Finally a detailed discussion on the materials of construction such as resins,fillers and reinforcements ended the presentations. In short a very interesting couple of hours. Interested parties may contact us about these subjects through our website at www.signalpro.biz>>contact.

LNA

SPG designs, develops and delivers custom analog and RF/wireless asics and modules.

FPGA Design and development service

Contact SPG using phone: 602-626-0272 for fast service.

A wideand RF detector ( 40 Mhz to 3 Ghz) -75 dBm to 5 dBm input

A wideband RF detector

A wideband RF detector

Linear detector performance

Linear detector performance curves

A wideband linear RF detector

Price for one unit: $25.00. Lead time for delivery 3 days. 30 Day return policy. Pricing for 100 units or more: $20.00 per unit.  Please contact Signal Processing Group Inc. for details for purchase from Signal Processing Group Inc. Email: spg@signalpro.biz 24/7

Wideband RF detector perforamce , more details

Contact Signal Processing Group Inc.

Please contact Signal Processing Group Inc. on email: spg@signalpro.biz . We will answer within 24 hours.

2 stage 35 dB gain RF amplifier. Front of the module

Full range frequency response

2 stage amplifier deta

Please see details at http://www.signalpro.biz/2rf_amplifier_details.htm    Delivery lead time is 3 days. Return within 30 days for a full refund. Price is $15.00 for one unit and $10.00 per unit in volumes of 100. For higher volumes than 100 please contact Signal Processing group Inc.

miniature LNA module

Mni LNA performance

Delivery lead time is 3 days. Return within 30 days for a full refund. Price is $15.00 for one unit and $12.00 per unit in volumes of 100. For higher volumes than 100 please contact Signal Processing Group Inc. at email: spg@signalpro.biz or call 602-626-0272 for fastest service.

A high frequency divider from 500 Mhz to % Ghz+

The input interface.
The frequency divider has a differential analog interface. The following parameters apply:
The minimum frequency that can be input is 500 Mhz and the maximum frequency is 6.0 Ghz.
The RF input level is 5 dBm to – 5 dBm. For lower frequencies make sure that the slew rate is
greater than 560 V/us. The input is biased by two 500 Ohm resistors connected to a 1.6V DC bias.
Therefore AC coupling is used at the input. These are two 100pF capacitors.
The output interface.
The output is single ended. The output driver is capable of sourcing and sinking 24 mA. The
equivalent output impedance is 50 Ohm. To avoid reflections it is recommended that the divider
work into a 50 Ohm load.
General operation.
The inputs are applied to the input SMA I/O. The product will work with both a differential input as
well as a single ended input. However, a differential input works best. The division ratio is applied
to the N1 and N2 control inputs as follows:
N2 N1 Division ratio
0 0 8
0 1 16
1 0 32
1 1 64
The logic levels are:
Logic level Voltage
1 1.4V minimum
0 0.6V maximum
The supply voltage interface.
The operating supply voltage is 3.3V typical. The quiescent (DC) operating supply current is 2 mA.

A high frequency divider 500 Mhz to 5 Ghz+

Contact Signal Processing Group Inc for details and acquisition

Please contact Signal Processing Group Inc. at email: spg@signalpro.biz or telephone 602-626-0272. Get a response within minutes or worst case 24 hours if contact is by email.

SPDT DC to 3 Ghz RF switch

DC to 3 Ghz RF SPDT switch

RF Switch typical features

Supply voltage = Vcc = 0/+5 Vdc
Operatng temperature = TA = -50° C to 125 Deg C
Operating impedance = 50 Ohm
Input power for 1 dB
compression ( 5.0V system) = 37 dBm ( f = 0.5 to 3 Ghz)
Input third order Intercept = 64 dBm ( 0 to 5.0V system, f = 0.5 to 3 Ghz)
Operating frequency range = DC to 3 Ghz.
Insertion loss DC to 3 Ghz = 0.8 dB
Isolation DC to 3 Ghz = 14 dB minimum
Return loss DC to 3 Ghz = 20 dB
50% contl to 10/90 %
( ON/OFF) = 120 ns

A single stage RF amplifier as a gain block

A single stage RF amplifier summary specifications

Summary Specifications

Gain,  Operating: 19.5 dB
Operating frequency range: 1.0 – 2700 Mhz
OIP3: (Pout = 19.0 dBm),  -8.5 dBm
P1dB: 4.6 dBm
N.F: 4.2 dB
Supply voltage Operating: 3.3  – 5.5 Volts

Price: single unit $7.50, 100 units : $5:50.

Free delivery, shipping lead time 2 days.

30 day return policy, buyer ships.
Supply current Supply = 5.0V,  23.0 mA

Embedded design and development

Signal Processing Group Inc. is offering embedded design and development using Microchip processors. Please contact us on spg@signalpro.biz for more information

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